On our Rhineland trip this year (2013) we visited and toured the Evangelische Archivestelle Boppard (the Evangelish Church Archives in Boppard) This depository has microfilms and many books for the Protestant church records in the Rhineland, we were shown their collection of Familienbuchs and were taken down into the stacks where we were shown some of the original church books. A couple of our tour members were able to find some entries for their families, which was exciting. We were joined by a very interesting local historian from Boppard, Dr. F (we will keep his name private) who has written many Familienbuch’s over the last 30 years or so. I asked him if he would take a little time and tell us what all is involved in putting together these books and we had a wonderful impromptu lecture on the subject which was fascinating.
Here is some of what I learned from this:
There are 3 different names these books can be called, a Familienbook (family book), a Burger book (citizen book) or Ortssippenbuch (inhabitants of a place book). Of course the first and foremost important things for these books are records from the churches. Without church books you can do nothing.
The two major religions of Germany, Catholic and Lutheran’s records mostly began in the 16th century, about 1570 but these records are sketchy and not too many have survived the Thirty Years War (1618-1648) so books usually start in mid-1600′s. Sometimes you may find a couple of Familienbuch’s for the same town, this could be because one book was written for the Catholic Church families and the other for the Lutheran church. (If the town has more than one denomination in town.) We were shown 3 books for the same town, which was the Catholic, Evangelish and the Evangelisch Reformed church records. Also you may find that the books contain records for surrounding villages if this was the parish that a village was part of. (I suggest you use the books by Kevan Hansen “Map Guides of Parish Registers” available in the States. These books help tell you what parish your village belonged to. They also will tell you what microfilm to order from the LDS library in Salt Lake to find your people’s church records).
Dr. F has worked on Familienbuchs for the past 30 years. He usually starts by recording the marriages. He then works on Baptisms, matching all children to the correct parents. Of course sometimes the marriage or a baptism of current inhabitants took place in another village, the birthplace town is sometimes mentioned and sometimes not. Death records are a lot harder as sometimes a person’s name may not be mentioned, such as: Wilhelm Mueller’s infant son died today, age about two. The wife of Johann Schmidt died today at age 50. And then there is the problem of recorded ages. He told us that for some reason he has found that people’s ages recorded at death are a lot of times much older than what they really were! If you follow the name of the person who died and you see he was born in 1750 and died in 1815 he should be 65 but they may say he was 80. We asked why that happened and he doesn’t really know but it can be very hard to make sure you have the correct person.
Then there is the matter of Civil Records. This area of the Rhine (left side of the Rhine) Napoleon started Civil Registration in 1798. These records are usually good, written in French and sometimes using a different calendar) but a lot of church records stopped at this time, so there could be a gap in church records of 10 years or so when Civil registration was in vogue. Dr. F. uses these records of course too.
Dr. F also told us that he starts his books not with the oldest books but the ones from the mid-18th century because of surnames. The early records may not have surnames listed or names are spelled differently. (This led to a very interesting discussion of how surnames came about – too much for me to record here). He also told us that he also uses other sources too, records from the State or City Archives, so that he can tell more than just names and dates of each person, he likes to include occupations, where they lived, taxes they paid and more details of anything he can find. Wouldn’t you like to get one of his books for your family? In regards to taxes, we also sidetracked into why they liked being listed as the top 5 or 10 highest tax payers (this involved politics, voting and more interesting facts).
So, there is a lot of work put into these books and of course they are only as good as the author, which he also reminded us that if you have found a book for your town or see that there is a microfilm made for the book be sure to check the first couple pages to see what sources the author used to write the book. Perhaps it is only the Catholic Church records and you think it is the whole town. Dr. F. said he has heard that sometimes the first couple pages were not filmed by the LDS so on the microfilm it may not tell you what records were used. Just make note of that.
These books are not required to be written by anyone and they are only taken on as a project if there is a willing local historian, author or genealogy society that will work on it. There are a few places to check to see if your town has a book, a couple places that I know are:
Online heritage books
Germany Town Genealogies and Parish Register Inventories on the Internet
Also check the St. Louis County Library Headquarters Special Collections, they have a wonderful collection of German Ortssippenbuch’s.
Tues 17th - Today we head to the ancient city of Trier, famous for its ‘”Porta Nigra” the Black Gate from when the Romans ruled here. We are getting our folks used to the train and it seems like we meet new friends on and off the train!
We met our Toga Tour guide and even though it was a little drizzly we followed him through the streets and listened to what live was like during “his time” inTrier. We learned why this was an important city to the Romans and how things eventually declined. He showed us several coins which demonstrated with their weight and size how things declined. Towards the end of their empire coins were very small and light as a feather. The Porta Nigra gate survived due to the fact that after the Romans left the gate was big enough to use as a church which is what they did. He also showed us the holes chipped in the gate that people did to get to the iron rods used to support it.
We visited Trier Cathedral, a Roman Catholic church that dates back to Roman times and is home to the Holy Tunic a garment with a recorded history back to the 12th century, in Catholic tradition said to be the robe Jesus was wearing when he died. It is exhibited only every few decades, at irregular intervals. Then on to the huge Constantine Basilica, a basilica in the original Roman sense, it was the 67m (219.82 ft) long throne hall of Roman Emperor Constantine; it is today used as a Protestant church.
After the tour we needed something warm to drink, and went in the closest pub. I ordered my Hot Chocolate and Baileys and then went to the restroom. Regular place and everything was going fine until the lights went off!!! Those Germans and their energy conservation I guess but I mean completely pitch black and as I made my way out of the little cubby I had no idea of how to get out. I felt along the walls and kept ending up back in the stall, the only door I could find. After 5 minutes or so I was starting to get scared. I did not have my cell phone with me, which has a flashlight on it or even the glow of the screen, nothing. I finally found the paper towel dispenser which gave off a very short red glow when dispensing a towel and I must have hit that a dozen times. So now I am thinking do I start yelling and embarrass myself or what? This bathroom was in the cellar so I wondered if anyone would hear me and of course no one in my group apparently was missing me! Finally I called out a couple times and made my way around the walls again and found the exit door! What an experience, I will never think of Trier again without remembering this frightening experience. Hahahahaha
Wed. 18th - Free day where many folks went out to their hometowns. I always am on alert waiting for a phone call saying that someone got lost but everyone did fine and got home with lots of good stories of what happened in their towns. One of our ladies had the TV crew with her so we are anxious to see how that goes. Several people spent time researching, walking through the villages, meeting cousins and even walking through ancestor’s houses. I am hoping to get some of them to write a guest blog for us so we can hear about their experiences. One lady has her own blog and she has updated it about her trip so you may want to read this. http://kimwolterman.blogspot.de/
Thurs 19th - Another free day for people to go to hometowns. Matthias and I rode with a couple ladies who were free to take them to visit the castle in Cochem on the Moselle and then we went to Koblenz to see if we could visit in the Archives and also for me to see the Deutsches Ecke (German corner) where the two rivers Moselle & Rhine meet. We took another cable car up to the fortress on the hill (we are getting brave on these height things) and get a better shot of the rivers. We had a good day and then when people came home in the evening the TV crew wanted to do one last interview thing with the group so we did, exciting to hear everyone’s story.
Pictures: the Fortress in Koblenz, the vies of the two Rivers and some weird guard. haha
Tomorrow we leave for our next home base: Speyer. Before we leave a couple shots of the view from my Hotel room overlooking the Rhine.
Since I am away for parts of September and October I will write about our trips in lieu of a newsletter which will return end of October.
What a whirlwind we have been on, just now having time to put a few notes down about our trip so far.
Day 1 – Seems like a long time ago but just about two weeks ago we met our group at the Frankfurt airport for out trip to the Rhineland area. On our first day settling in to our hotel overlooking the Rhine, we got acquainted, had dinner and went to bed early. Jet lag!
Day 2 – But the next day what better way to appreciate this land where our ancestors came from than to cruise along the Rhine. We boarded our boat early for our 4 hour cruise “up” the Rhine to Rüdesheim. The day was a little overcast but eventually the sun came out. I try every sun dance and voodoo spell I
know for good weather. It is a nice relaxing second day as all you have to do is sit, take pictures, eat & drink and watch the castles go by.
We landed in Rüdesheim, which is filled with tourists but a place you should visit at least once. We made our way through the winding Drosselgasse street, which is filled with
tons of little wineries and restaurants. Very picturesque.
Then everybody went their own way to shop or whatever and Matthias and I,facing down our fear of heights, took the cable car up the mountain (small hill) to the statue of Germania, which overlooks the Rhine river. Great views of the river and the vineyards that climb the hills along the banks.
Day 3 – Boppard town tour, Evangelisch Archives & Historical lecture.
Another drizzly day but we headed out for our town tour this morning. Boppard is a marvelous town along the Rhine, not too big and more than enough to do, sit along the River at one of the numerous outdoor cafe’s on the Rhine
promenade, a main street with shops for those inclined and lots of history to see dating back to Roman times. Even the remains of a Roman wall.
We have a wonderful English lady who has lived in Germany for many years give us our tour and she was great, even with the added distraction of our TV crew! Did I tell you we were being filmed by a German TV company?
A journalist doing a story on Americans coming back to find their roots had contacted me a few weeks before we left and ended up following us around for a couple days, mainly a few group things and then they went with one of our tour members to her hometowns with her. Being on TV is not easy, they make you do things over and over sometimes, but we are anxious to see the finished product even though we will be dubbed in with German!!!
Then on to the Evangelisch church Archives, which of course contains the microfilms of church books and lots of Ortssippenbuch (family register books) and other information interesting to our kinds of people. Again, another fascinating tour as we get to go down into the stacks and are shown the original church books among other documents. A couple people found some of their family’s records. Exciting! Then we were joined by a
delightful gentleman who lives in Boppard who has written many Familienbuch’s for many of the surrounding villages. He gave us an impromptu lecture on how he goes about writing these detailed books. It was really insightful and I will write more on this later.
To finish off this long day, we were met at the hotel by a Professor from the University of Mainz who gave us a lecture on life in the Palatinate in the 17th & 18th centuries. Also lots of great information which I will write more about too.
So, I am tired again just reading all the stuff we did but it was so much fun!
Bis später! (until later)
One thing I would like to suggest if you visit Germany is to definly try to squeeze in a cruise up or down the Rhine River, even if it is just a day trip like we do so often. There is no better vantage point than from the middle of the River and it is the perfect 2nd day in Germany activity. Nothing to do but sit, relax, have a beer and watch the scenery go by, terraced vineyards and castles galore. We will be going up (south) the Rhine on our upcoming Rhineland trip in a few weeks, from Boppard to Rudesheim and on this last trip we just did we went down (north) the Rhine from Rudesheim to Boppard. It was such a nice day, one of the few cooler days we had, and after arriving in Rudesheim for some quick shopping and a quick drink we boarded the boat and sat and relaxed and enjoyed the scenery and each other. Perfect day.
Our next day was visit to their second hometown which was in France, a little south of Strasbourg in a town called Plobsheim. Since we were travelling into France this time too and it was a small group we decided to rent a van for this part. My trusty, organized partner Matthias came down for the weekend to drive a van full of ladies to France… hahahaha, our only order was we couldn’t talk to him while driving.
It wasn’t a long drive from our home base town now in the Black Forest and we were to meet our contacts at the city hall in Plobsheim. We pulled into the parking lot and here was a contingent of people smiling and waving and we knew we had the right place. The President of the local heritage society was just fantastic!! He had a whole program scheduled for us. We first went in with the group to a meeting room that had tables set with American and French flags and the local Alsatian treats of Kugelhof cake and Alsatian pretzels. The President started off with a welcoming speech in French that a lovely, young girl student translated for us into English. We enjoyed a few minutes here before it was time to take a tour of the town aboard the local transport of a long covered wagon pulled by two horses. So cute. We all piled in with our new French friends and we plodded along the cobblestone streets through the old part of this incredibly picturesque village to stop at three different places our tour members family had lived during his life in Plobsheim. This village is near the River Giessen and we were told that sometimes when the river rose people would disassemble their timber frame homes and move them someplace else. Or at least this is what I understood from the translations, seems like a lot of work but I guess they did it.
So after our leisurely ride through town to see the ancestor’s homes, the horses stopped at a local restaurant that had a huge table set up for us out in their bier garten. It was absolutely fantastic, the table was again decorated with American and French flags and even the little menu holders were ceramic American flags. The menu included appetizers of mini “flammkuchen” this is another dish which originated in Alsace but is found in southern Germany too. They are like pizza but with a cream sauce, bacon and onion is the most famous. They are delicious. Then we were presented with a incredibly large plate of Alsatian choucrote (sauerkraut) and all kinds of sausages and ham. WOW… very good though. Then to top it off we had an ice cream cake. What a meal, it was superb.
The horse and carriage was back for us and off we go to our next adventure, a ride down the Giessen river aboard flat bottomed fisherman boats. Since one of the ancestors had been a fisherman, this was a great experience. So we board the two boats and spend the next hour leisurely paddling down the river. Some folks were bothered by mosquitos but I did not get one bite. Guess I am not sweet enough or it could have been the sweat!! Haha. But it was so cool, even temperature wise a bit, gliding along under the canopy of the trees along the river, and it was so quiet, only the sound of nature. We had a river man who guided the boat through the water while standing with a long pole, kind of like a gondola ride in Venice. Then the most fantastic thing happened, as we ended our ride we floated to the docking area with a lovely flower bedecked bridge in front of us and there were at least 40 people, all cousins of our clients, standing and waving from the bridge. Really unbelievable, we’ve found cousins before but never this many. So they mingled and met on the bridge and we finally made our way back to the city hall meeting room, where we now were met with even more people and we had a big party. Wine and pretzels and kugelhof and kids running around and the President of the Society had made a large pedigree chart on the wall with pictures and all the cousins were interested in how they fit in and it was just something incredibly special. More speeches were made and one of the American sisters gave a very emotional thank you speech and we were all a little teary. What a great day. So we mingled for at least 1.5 hours and when we finally said we have to leave and loaded ourselves into the van and then the topper of the day happened, all these people came pouring out of the building into the parking lot waving the little American flags and saying goodbye to us. This was a fantastic hometown experience.
Time has flown by on our latest trip and we were busy from morning to night. I just did a private tour with some sisters (and their niece) from Pittsburgh, PA to visit their ancestral hometowns in Germany and France.
Our first hometown was Flieden, Germany, which is in Hessen near Fulda, Germany. We arrived by train and were met by the local researcher, the former mayor (who bears the family name) and a local school teacher who helped with the translations.
They whisked us away in 3 cars to the nearby village of Rückers, where our first stop was at a local restaurant where we were met by about 6 or 7 people who were cousins. Much hugging and talking and picture taking ensued. We enjoyed a beer or two before taking a walk to the church (Assumption of Mary), we visited and took pictures and then walked on to the cemetery. As you may or may not know, cemeteries in Germany only contain newer graves, perhaps 30 or 40 years old. There is no enough room for centuries of graves so families rent the grave space and not quite sure what happens but you certainly won’t find graves or stones from 100 years ago. But German graveyards are usually always beautiful, live flowers are planted on the plot and you usually always find someone in the cemetery tending to the graves. The former mayor told us that this cemetery was revamped in the past decades so that all the stones are about the same height and on many stones there is a carved picture of perhaps what the occupation of the interred was (like a shepherd or woodworker etc) or sometimes what they liked to do, one showed the Alps because the person liked to hike in the Alps. It was really a beautiful, restful place. (sorry my pictures of this are lost??)
We then walked back to the restaurant where the “cousins” had waited for us and we had a wonderful meal of salads and schnitzel and of course some dessert. Then over to Flieden to visit the church there. This was the church of St. Goar, the oldest part of the church from around the 13th century.
The priest arrived and gave us a little history of the church and one of the ladies asked if the priest would give us a blessing (the women were Catholic) and so we knelt down and Father blessed us using a relic (bone of St Goar!) First time this happened,
Later we walked over to the Rathaus (city hall) and were met and welcomed by the very young mayor. He gave the ladies some info on Flieden in a nice little stamped bag. He also told us the following story about why the symbol of Flieden says ” Kingdom of Flieden”
Folklore says that back in the day when Germans were fighting against Napoleon (the 19th century short-statured, feisty French emperor) a general asked where his recruits were from. Unlike modern day Germany where Saxony, Prussia, and Westphalia are all united under one flag — each was its own kingdom. One man said he was from the Kingdom of Hannover, another Kingdom of Prussia and then a young lad yelled he was from the Kingdom of Flieden, not knowing whose kingdom the town belonged since the borders were always changing. Afterwards the town forever became known as Königreich Flieden. Although, today it technically belongs to the federal state of Hesse — and no part of Germany is a kingdom.
Last but not least we visited Flieden’s heimat museum (historical society museum). It seems the school teacher who was one of the translators was the President of the historical society. He gave us a tour and it was nice but the weather was so hot we were kind of drained by this time. All in all, first hometown day was GREAT!
The Wandering Years
On my recent trip to Germany, I caught a news story on TV that was of interest to me (although my understanding of spoken German is very limited) and perhaps to others with German heritage. The story was about a traveling craftsman and his wanderbuch. This gentleman was an apprentice bricklayer, and told of his adventures on his journey of 3 years and 1 day. He was in his “uniform” that apparently is centuries old and according to the rules he can only carry his sleeping bag, some tools, a few special clothes and travel around to master his craft. He is allowed to ask for free food (by asking in a special poem form) and by asking other master’s, like bakers or butchers. He also will ask for work and a place to stay. All these jobs must be recorded in his wanderbuch and stamped by the master he worked for.
So a little background on the Journeyman and Wanderbuch.
Since the late Middle Ages, craftsman experience a period of wandering after completion of their apprenticeship. They may only go wandering if they have passed the journeyman’s examination and are unmarried, childless and debt free. They are labeled as strangers or foreigners since they must leave their home and travel, never coming back within 30 miles of their hometown for 3 years and 1 day.
The rules are defined by the guild of their craft including the length of time they wander, what they may carry (a gnarled wooden stick, a black wide brimmed hat and a waistcoat and jacket and trousers that designate your trade. (different for carpenters, blacksmith, bricklayers etc.)
The wandering years served to get to know their craft and new techniques and generally to collect life experience. They would have to wander throughout their country and even into other countries to learn from other masters and to hone their skills before coming home to start a career.
Throughout this journey they would carry their “Wanderbuch”.
The book made it possible for the person in search of work to move from city to town. However, he had to meet certain requirements for it. At each place where the workers are staying longer than two days, he was obliged to report to the authorities and show his Wanderbuch for inspection. The book was then given a short entry and a stamp of authority. A stay
over two days was also banned him unless he could not find work locally. The Wanderbuch also expressly forbid under threat of “prison-punishment” begging and “aimless wanderings.” Also, any change to the book by the owner, such erasures or strikeouts, was found to be a forgery which also was punishable.
To enable the authorities a clear identification of the holder, Wanderbuch includes detailed information about his appearance. Passport photos did not yet exist, so stature and facial features are therefore given exactly.
Example: Johann Gottfried Dannenberg is “5 foot 7.5 inch” tall, of medium build and has gray eyes. Hair, beard and eyebrows are blonde. His face is oval, round the forehead, the nose “strong,” the mouth “mediocre”. A special feature is noted that he had “the right index finger a scar.”
Despite adverse circumstances, travelers have above all, the freedom. The wander years are also an opportunity to think about life and pursue philosophical questions. In journeyman evenings, however serene atmosphere comes down to what is partly due to the whim of drinking companions. After all the impressions and experiences many find it difficult to return to everyday life. As one Journeymen said: “It’s hard to leave from home, but infinitely more difficult to come back.”
The month has flown by again and I don’t know about where you are but we are having a hard time getting spring to arrive. It is warm today and the trees have popped and birds are singing so I hope we here in the Midwest have at least a few days of spring weather. (We usually go from cold to 90 degrees)
But spring does bring its share of weather, rains and winds and it can bring about natural disasters. We have swollen rivers here and flooding and today I have a guest blogger from the HistoricNaturalDisasters.com, website. These guys are Ohio history buffs and the story is a good example of how our ancestor’s environment would have affected their lives and perhaps will tell you why they did some of the things they did. Check out their site and see if you can help identify any photos.
Speaking of Ohio, I just returned from the Ohio State Conference in Cincinnati and would like to welcome all the folks I met there. It was a great conference.
David Chambers and the Great Dayton Flood
By Jeff Satterly and Robert Muhlhauser
The week of March 21st through March 26th marks the anniversary of one of the most devastating natural disasters ever to hit the United States. It was during this week 100 years ago, in the year 1913, that a system of ravaging storms swept across the American Midwest and parts of New England. The storms brought with them high-speed winds and torrential rains, causing tornadoes and massive flooding. By the time the storms had passed through the area, they had caused billions of dollars’ worth of damage. The week of storming killed hundreds of people and left thousands more homeless.
Oversaturated watersheds like the Greater Miami in Ohio swelled with rain water, and their runoff filled the streams and rivers of the Midwest to overflowing. The intense pressure of the rising waters broke through dams, bridges and levees as if they were twigs. The raging flood waters swallowed entire towns and cities.
The Great Dayton Flood of 1913 brought about countless personal stories of heroism, tragedy and loss, but one story that stands out as particularly powerful is the story of the Chambers family. Two of David Chambers’ grandchildren related the stirring but tragic tale of their grandfather’s heroism to 1913flood.com. These women’s story tells of a 24-year-old father of three, a young man whose valiant actions in the wake of the Great Flood saved numerous lives.
The Chambers lived in North Dayton, in a home that was elevated about the level of the flood waters. When David saw the widespread damage the flood had caused to the city, he selflessly chose to leave the safety of his home, climbing into the family’s 16-person boat and rowing it out into the flood waters. David delivered supplies to victims all over the Riverdale area, and managed to save the lives of more than 150 Dayton residents. Tragically, David’s heroism ended up costing him his own life. When a stray log struck the side of his boat, David was tossed overboard, where he ultimately died in the flood waters. The death of her husband left David’s wife, Stella, on her own to raise three daughters, all of whom were under the age of seven. During a period of financial instability, Stella was forced to place the girls in an orphanage. In the end, however, the girls were reunited with their mother. David was buried in the flood section of Dayton’s Woodland Cemetery.
(photo 134 W. Fourth Dayton, Ohio 1913)
The Great Dayton Flood finally came to an end on the 26th of March. By the time the flood was over, the city of Dayton had suffered widespread and significant damage, and the city’s population had been hit with numerous deaths and displacements. 14 square miles of the city were now covered with a blanket of water, and some 20,000 homes had been completely destroyed. In all, the flood ended up costing the city of Dayton nearly $100 million worth of damage, a sizable sum which would amount to a whooping $2 billion in today’s dollars. More than 360 people had been killed in the flood, and an estimated 65,000 people were left homeless. It took the city more than a year to completely clean up the damage, and it was over a decade before Dayton’s economy returned to the levels it enjoyed before the flood hit.
(photo 134 W. Fourth today)
Thanks so much to Kathy Wurth for letting us share a piece of this historical project on Family Tree Tours blog. We’re humbled by the interest in this project, and we really hope you enjoyed this snippet of history!
We’d also like to thank some of the great archives and archivists who have done so much to work to help preserve the amazing history of the 1913 flood, including the Dayton Metro Library and historian Trudy Bell . The amount of history compiled at these two websites is truly amazing. Lastly, thanks to Jason from www.insurancetown.com, who lent us some of the resources we used to help prepare content for the web and publish our blog, and inspired our Mapping History Contest.
Don’t forget to check out Historical Disasters.com for more images, and for information on our Mapping History Contest to help us figure out the locations pictured in historic photos from 1913 and you could win $100!
Irish Research and Famine Video.
I recently taught a class for my local genealogical society on Irish Research Techniques. As those of you who have Irish ancestors know how difficult it is to find their records and/or hometowns, we are always anxious to learn new tips or tricks. I showed some websites that have indexes from Ireland’s County Heritage Centers where you can check birth, marriage and death records. We also checked others that have free access to the Griffith’s Valuation, the tax survey taken between 1847 -1864, which is helpful since most Irish censuses taken during this time period has been destroyed.
There were a couple sites that had some emigration databases you can search for when your ancestor would have left. One of them is on the website, www.dunbrody.com which is the page for the 1845 Emigrant Ship exhibit in New Ross, Ireland. On our research trip last year we visited this exhibit and were able to see what the conditions were like on this small ship, sometimes when you stand in a spot that holds such history you can feel your ancestor’s story, maybe comprehend a little of what they must have went through. I recently watched a video that really brought home what our Irish ancestors went through during those Famine years and I recommend it highly to you.
The story is in the Spring of 1849, a coffin ship called Hannah, carrying 180 Irish emigrants fleeing Ireland’s potato famine; hit an ice reef in the strait near Cape Ray, off the coast of Newfoundland. The captain, a 23 year-old Englishman, took flight in the only lifeboat, leaving his passengers to either drown or freeze to death. Seventeen hours later, the survivors were rescued by another famine ship, the Nicaragua. The video is a Canadian production of descendants of these survivors who travel the route their ancestors did and “feel” their story by being there. I’ve read many books and watched other things about the Great Famine but for some reason this really hit me as to what the horrors actually were and made me all the more determined to learn more about my Irish ancestors life during this time and what happened to the ones left behind. Sometimes we have tunnel vision on our research and are only interested in that next document find, but it is good to stop and realize these names and dates were people and they laughed and cried and suffered like all humans and they want us to know their story.
See the video on You Tube. You can go to www.youtube.com and search on Famine and Shipwreck Hannah, the video should come up. It is the 44 minute one. You can also try this link. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VcU6xmqHjoQ
Good hunting and I hope you “feel” this video like I did.
Happy New Year! Already in the middle of the first month, can you believe it? Time is going fast and now is the time to start thinking of travel plans for the spring or summer. I wanted to talk a bit about our upcoming trip to the Northwest of Germany in May. One of our outings on this trip will be to visit with members of the Osnabrück Genealogical Society.
We have the opportunity to visit their library and we usually have one of the members give us a lecture on their Society, emigration from the area and the problem of researching in this area due to farm names. If you have an ancestor from up this way, you may be surprised to learn once you get back into the church books that your family surname could have been something completely different. I will explain more about that perhaps in another blog post. But what I wanted to tell you about today is the Osnabrück Society’s re-designed website. Of course it is in German but if you have Google Chrome web browser you can get it translated but sometimes it is better to view in the original German because the translator may translate a German hometown name into two English words. So that is why I wanted to give you some direction through the site.
First off look under Verein and then Bibliothek – this will show you a picture of their library (where we visit) and it also says that the members of the society have transcribed over 38 Church books from the Osnabrück area and 32 local heritage book are available here.
Under Datenbanken the first link is Kirchbuchen (church books) - This then lists the church book indexes or transcriptions they have in the library.
Some translations of what is on the page: (Kartei – card index – Abschrift – copies – Index –index
Taufen means Baptisms, Trauungen- Weddings, Beerdigungen – Funerals
Second, under Datenbanken is Ortsfamilienbücher – click on this and it will show you what towns they have some Ortsfamilienbüch for. These are family register books, (from church books or civil records) which list families and links them together back through all dates listed.
Third, under Datenbanken is Höfe – click on this and this list the Farm owners names in different Parishes. First column lists Farm Name – second column tells how they owned it, which means:
Vollerbe – means full heir
Halberbe – half heir
Erbkotter – Cottager heir
Markkotter – Mark cottager (mark is common owned land)
Kirchhöfer – I suppose means church farm
Third column is who the land lord was or where they lived.
Finally under Datenbanken is Kirchspiele. This lists parishes and shows pictures and names of the Church. The data shown to the right are the church book years they are missing.
Under Publikationens – Vereinsnachrichten is a list of their quarterly publications (PDF’s)
Bücher, Schriften und CD’s – lists books and CD’s for sale.
Karten – shows maps of the area during different time periods.
Make sure to check out the page under LINKS – these are homepages of members and/or family names from this Northwest area. Some are in English.
Under Links – Vereins are lists of genealogy clubs.
Regionen – are different links for societies or homepages of genealogists from the Region around Osnabrueck.
Datenbanken – more links for genealogy sites.
Nachbarvereine – neighboring societies.
So, hopefully this will help you navigate the site and help you in your research. I hope it inspires you to want to travel with us to visit this beautiful area of Germany. For more information on this trip click here. http://familytreetours.com/northwest-germany-tour/
Here is a link for a video of pictures from our past five years of Heritage tours. Check it out you may see yourself!
We spent a day in the lovely town of Freiburg, which is in very southern Germany. Our first stop was to the Staatsarchiv Freiburg. We had a wonderful overview of the Archive by a Herr Strauss. He had
prepared a great lecture and showed us how to navigate their website by showing us what is available online (Baden church book duplicates back to 1810 are online) and of course their emigrant database. He also explained that Baden-Wuerttemberg has 4 administrative districts and there is a Staatarchiv for each of them plus a couple of other misc.
Archives. They are located in Freiburg, Tübingen, Karlsruhe, Stuttgart and Sigmaringen.
Here is the link for the main site for the archives: http://www.landesarchiv-bw.de/web/48823 I would open this in Google Chrome so that it translates it or put the link in Google translate so you can read the pages. Or I think there may be an English button on the top row but I’m not sure if that does all pages. Here is link for the newest addition of Northern Baden online church books:
Herr Strauss told us to find these Archive locations on a map and whatever is the closest to where your ancestor was born that is where you should start. It doesn’t do any good to write to an archive that is in southern Baden if your people were from the north of Baden. Of course the most interesting link they have is the Baden-Wuerttemberg emigrant database. Try this at: www.auswanderer-bw.de We then were taken through some of the stacks in the Archive. Previously I
had found some of my ancestors in the emigrant database and although I had sent away to Freiburg for my ancestor’s records, I was able to see the original emigrant documents for my family. These emigrant records are some of the most interesting to us genealogists and these are kept at these Staatarchives. So if you find your family in the database there will be an emigrant ID # and it will tell you what archives the documents are kept in. You can write that Archive and give them the ID # and you can order your families’ papers.
So after our tour of the Archive we stopped for lunch and then did a tour of Freiburg with the Black Forest Girl. She was in character and costume of a young girl from the Black
Forest getting ready to swap her red pom-pom hat (meaning you are unmarried) for a black pom-pom hat (married). She led us to some interesting spots in Freiburg and told us of how life was in the olden days. Interesting stop was the wonderful Minster (Cathedral) of Freiburg. This cathedral was started in 1200 and finished about 1330 and miraculously was not damaged during the bombing of 1944. A minister means it was owned (payed for) by the people of Freiburg. We were shown some interesting carvings on the outside of the church. In the Middle Ages the market was held around the church, with stalls of many vendors selling their wares. To make sure you were not cheated by any of these vendors on the outside of the church walls there were drawings of what size the loaf of bread should be. The smaller one was the size of the loaf during times of bad harvest. If anyone was caught cheating the courts were held in the market square also.
We ended our tour in the wine cellar of the oldest restaurant in Freiburg with a little of the bubbly. Sehr gut!
We made it through the tour before the rains came but we still managed to get a little shopping in before heading home. All in all a good day.